«I know my norm.» How often can you hear this phrase during the feasts. True, it often turns out that the rule of this guest is a very tensile concept.
«I know my norm.» How often can you hear this phrase during the feasts. True, it often turns out that the rule of this guest is a very tensile concept. Is it possible to compare two people drinking between themselves and say — this is a lot of this drink, but this one is within the normal range? It turns out perhaps. In narcology, there is a classification of consumption of alcohol depending on the quantitative and high-quality relationship between man and alcohol.
In total, 5 groups stand out: abstines, accidentally drinking, moderately drinking, systematically drinking and habitually drinking.
How can I understand from the name, the alcohol do not drink. Also, non-drinking doctors include those people who drink a glass of champagne for the New Year, March 8 and their own birthday. These figures of the accepted alcohol can be safely neglected.
The reasons for «dry» behavior a lot, but conventionally can be grouped in three directions: biological, medical and behavioral.
This is the intolerance to alcohol at the level of the body. For example, the so-called intoxication inversion, when, after accepting «on the chest», the mood is not improved, but on the contrary, it decreases sharply, up to depression. Or when alcohol is not digested by the body in the direct sense — like a edible substance, and any contact with alcohol gives a detailed picture of poisoning.
A person may not drink at the state of health («wants, but can not»). This may be a severe somatic disease, or condition after the cranial injury, or neurotic disorders at the constituent people.
A person can also choose a sober way of life completely consciously («Maybe, but does not want»). Often this option is found in children who have grown in families with a father-alcoholic (of course, with a negative attitude towards such a father). A significant role can also play strict upbringing, including religious.
However, if circumstances are forced, the abstines can drink. Especially if it is so accepted in this social subgroup, so as not to be «White Vorona.» They are usually drunk badly, while maintaining control over themselves in any situation. In the end, the abstines find any good reason to abandon drinking, without falling out of the team, most often referred to the mythical or actual illness.
So called people who drink a maximum of up to 250 ml of vodka several times a year, but not more often than once a month. In general, this group comes to alcohol late enough, and there are no special need for alcohol, do not consider it «tasty». In a state of intoxication, they usually do not experience pleasant sensations, so they do not seek to increase the dose or drink more often. Usually such people drink «because it is so accepted,» and limited to the observance of the ritual. Usually the next morning after the feast of randomly drinking feels very bad — both psychological and physiological senses. All this leads to the fact that by 35-40 years later they replenish the cohort of abstinents, while becoming the jacket opponents of the drunkenness of others, experiencing disgusts to the form of oxane and the smell of the fume.
This is the most controversial group. As we have already written, differences in the definition of moderation, as well as in the utility of moderate beyon in the medical world, are still subject to discussion. According to Russian canons, people who use 100-150 ml of vodka (but not more than 400 ml) are calculated for moderately drinking (but not more than 400 ml) 1-4 times a month.
The most important difference is that this group is enjoying alcohol, intoxication is accompanied by a lift of the mood, and before the piglery squeak, such people do not get drunk. Spontaneous desire to drink usually does not occur, but if a reason appears — be sure it is moderately drinkers will be the initiator of the feast. And most often, all this is implemented in the informal group — the nearest classmates, colleagues, just a company of friends, and is associated with a variety of rituals and traditions.
Alcohol practically never becomes the main value in the life of moderately drinking, the structure of the needs and motives of the personality does not change. Although the alcohol need for constant repetition of episodes (for example, traditional Friday sites in the beer) can occur.
The entire system of life values is originally alcoholic-centered, the use of alcohol begins in 15-16 years, and the need for alcohol is quickly formed. Such people are very often performing the initiators of the drinking, looking for any little more comfortable reason for this (up to the day of the take of Bastille). Systematically drinking drink a lot and with pleasure, experiencing discomfort as the next morning only if it was very long.
As a result, such people alcohol very quickly becomes a major interest in life, and they go to the next category.
Use 500 ml of vodka and more several times a week. In such people, alcoholic need is rapidly formed and there is a symptom of the desirability of alcoholization, no wonderful drunkenness of physicians is called pre-arise. The desire to drink occurs whenever it appears the opportunity for this. Suppression of this desire is given with great difficulty and is accompanied by a decrease in mood and deterioration of well-being. Alcohol tolerance increases — every time all major doses are required to achieve the desired condition.
Neurological and mental disorders appear — sleep is frustrated, self-criticism is reduced (at the same time there is a role of drunkenness around), there is a gradual rebirth of the person. Alcohol becomes the main and only source of pleasure in life, dramatically narrows the circle of interest, family and work are departed to the second, and even the tenth plan.
As soon as the desirability of alcoholization turns into an obsessive attraction, as soon as the quantitative control of drunk (the most notorious «norm») is lost, as soon as a person loses the ability to abandon drinking — we can talk about the formation of alcohol addiction and, consequently, about alcoholism.
Is it possible to prevent the regeneration of household drunkenness into the disease? Can. But this requires a lot of effort — both the person and his loved ones and friends. The further the process went, the harder to pull out of the alcoholic pool, often the help of a qualified psychotherapist specialist is required. But as long as the physical dependence on alcohol has been formed, there is an opportunity to return the person to normal life almost without losses to his health. Provided, of course, the absence of alcohol will be in the new life of the norm.
Is it possible to somehow approximately to estimate the degree of seriousness of their relationship with alcohol? Can. For this there are special questionnaire tests. There are also in online versions.