Mixers in bathroom sinks and kitchens — frequently used home devices. It is important that they are easy to use are durable and effectively performed the main function — control of the force of the jet pressure and mixing cold and hot water.
In addition, the mixers play not the last role in the visual perception of the shell, and therefore should be beautiful and fit into the design of the room.
Mixers for kitchens and bathrooms are represented by many shapes, styles, finishes, and, most important — technologies. In this article I want to tell everything that I know about the mixers and what is worth paying attention to when purchasing them.
When choosing a mixer, it is worth considering the constructive differences between the types of locking mechanisms. Based on this element, various types of mixers are allocated:
Equipped with two valves-handles (crane-taps), separately for adjusting hot and cold water — this type of mixers is classic and was the most popular in Soviet civil construction. The manufacturers have so widely expanded the model range and the design of the valve mixers, which is difficult for the aesthetic diversity to compile competition.
The valve mixers are divided into two groups, depending on the character of the locking element: with an elastic gasket and with a ceramic valve.
In the first case, a soft elastic gasket is used as a shut-off element of the reciprocating crane. Manufacturers add silicone to its composition to reduce wear and make more durable.
In the case of a mixer with a ceramic valve, the locking element are two round ceramic plates with holes. When the valve is rotated, one of them scrolls around its axis to the complete coincidence of two holes through which water flows. The degree of coincidence regulates water pressure. The price of such a device is an order of magnitude higher than the mixer with an elastic gasket, but it is justified by high reliability and durability.
The valve mixer is impracticious when adjusting the supply of cold and hot water, which leads to its uneconomical consumption. Despite this, the valve mixers are the most fiscal option.
Equipped with one handle, with which the water supply regulation of the desired temperature occurs — this type is considered reliable and convenient to operate.
Single-art mixers are also divided into two groups: ball and cartridges.
In the body of the ball mixers there is a metal ball with three holes, which is retained by a pair of rubber seals. The rod of adjustment leads it into action, while the ball changes the location, opening access for cold and hot water, which come into the mixing chamber inside the ball.
Inside the cartridge mixer installed two ceramic plates having holes. The movement of the lever leads to a change of their position and allows you to adjust the pressure and water temperature, and the smoothness of the lever movement is ensured by the presence of silicone lubrication. This mixer is not recommended to use for water pipes without additional water purification. In addition, some budget models of cartridge mixers are not well coped with the adjustment and function of retaining a comfortable water flow temperature.
Of the advantages of a single-grazing type of mixers — a long service life, design variability and ease of use. The minus, as well as with the valve mixer, is the fast wear of rubber seals.
In the manufacture of modern mixer cartridges, technologies are often used to save water during use.
A distinctive feature of this type of mixers — the ability to supply the water of a given temperature is constantly, regardless of changes in pressure and temperature parameters in the highway. The design of this mixer is simple — the temperature stability is maintained by using a special valve operating depending on the specified modes.
There are two groups of thermostatic mixers: mechanical and electromechanical. In mechanical mixers, the water temperature is maintained due to the bimetallic element, which changes its size and shape depending on temperature. In the electromechanical mixers, an electrical temperature sensor is installed, and the temperature control knob has an effect on the electric, and not on the mechanical part, after which the electrical element actuates the mechanical water supply regulator.
In addition, in many models of mixers of this type there are temperature fuses that maximize the likelihood of burning with hot water during adjustment. This model will especially be especially interested in large families with young children and people of retirement age. Also, the models of thermostatic mixers are aesthetic and possess beautiful appearance.
Of the disadvantages, the mixer is allocated only in the case of water in both pipelines. However, manufacturers have already corrected this situation — there are models with switches that allow manually open the desired stream. It is worth noting the high cost of this type of mixers.
The inclusion of the contactless mixer occurs automatically, without physical contact. There are no familiar cranes, handles and valves, instead of them for the flow and turning off the water correspond to special infrared sensors that respond to movement within a radius of several centimeters. The sensor can receive energy from both the network and the battery. For regulation of water temperature, a small screw is answered outside or under the housing.
From the obvious advantages of this type of mixers, you can immediately allocate convenience in use, safety, significant water savings.
However, there are also disadvantages — impracticality of use in some conditions, for example, if you need to fill a large container with water. Also, temperature control requires more effort than in the case of competitive types of mixers. Therefore, this option is more suitable for restaurants and cafes than for kitchen or bath in the apartment. Not a very pleasant surprise will be the price: this type of mixers is more expensive than all other types, and the price of a good option can reach 30,000 rubles.
As a rule, the main difference between kitchen faucets from those installed in the bathroom, is the length of the spout. The height of the mixer is the mixer should be selected based on the depth of the sink. If the washing is deep, then the islar is purchased by medium or small height in order to avoid splashing water. If the washing is not deep enough, then the vigilance should be high. This will help with a set of water into a large capacity and when washing overall dishes. The swivel design of the gland, unlike cast, also greatly facilitates washing dishes. However, the price plan in such mixers is higher.
Bathroom faucets most often have a flexible eyeliner with a shower wage and attached to the wall. Such a solution is universal, in case the bathroom is small — there is no need to buy a mixer and for the sink, and for the bathroom. There are also often mixers without spout, that is, frame-type products.
At this question, I will immediately give an answer — of course, the material is of great importance when choosing a mixer. And so as not to be mistaken, let’s consider several options.
Metal alloys mixer.
Mixers with a metal case, but whose internal elements are made of ceramics, are considered one of the most practical and reliable. They have a long service life, do not lay mineral deposits inside the hull, as well as moisture resistant.
In order not to regret the purchase, you need to understand where and for what purpose the mixer will be used. If you purchase a product to the kitchen, then the optimal option will be a single-dimensional mixer with a large twist, for washbasins or shells, it is better to take a two-fledged mixer, and for the shower is a thermostat with a convenient function of regulating pressure and water temperature.
On a note.
We hope that with the help of our tips you will choose the very mixer that will serve you and your family for many years.
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