The deal with the purchase of Manhattan from the Indians has always been positioned by the Americans as the most ingenious real estate transaction in the history of mankind.
But recently, more and more details began to surface, which the Americans prefer to keep silent about.
In particular, he talks about them in his
What are the nuances of the deal with the Indians that the Americans do not like to remember?
The first settlers to explore the eastern coast of the North American continent in the area of what is now New York were the Dutch.
It was they who, on May 4, 1626, made the deal to buy the island of Manhattan from an Indian tribe.
Of course, this amount was a convention, for clarity, invented later by American historians. The dollar was not yet in use here.
In its financial report to management addressed to the Dutch government, an agent for the Dutch East India trading company reported a cost of 60
The Dutch mention in the report that the money was not paid in cash. Indian hunters, who were at the stage of the tribal community, did not yet have the concept of money. In the amount of 60 guilders, Peter Minuit offered them some valuable and beautiful things, among which appeared beads, which the aborigines liked.
This is how the historic deal took place.
In the hands of the Dutch was an island with an area of 58 square meters. km. They built the New Netherlands colony on it.
In terms of modern money, the transaction price was about $ 700, which is equivalent to 53 thousand current Russian rubles.
Almost 40 years later, in 1664, during
If the protagonists of history were first the Dutch and then the British, then why are the Americans so fond of it?
The point is that the deal is consistent with the basic historical values of US residents. In the classical formulation, their national idea sounds like the «Great American Dream».
To be “in the right place at the right time” one day, be adventurous, cunning and smart. And get huge profits for this as a reward.
Because of this idea, Americans are so fond of quick success stories.
The story of the purchase of Manhattan for them is a reflection of a dream: to invest a minimum and «for a couple of beads» get a whole new world for prosperity.
Details were revealed later. They are rarely mentioned, leaving the nuances behind the scenes of a beautiful story.
The Indians were at the stage of the tribal community. They still had no concept of ownership at all. Christian missionaries of that era repeatedly mention this in their notes and reports.
The Indians, in principle, could not own land, since they did not reach this in development. Hunters and fishermen were more typical of the idea of the territory as a sphere of habitation, where they can move freely without intersecting with other tribes.
So, later it turned out that Manhattan was not at all the habitat of those Indians with whom Peter Minuit so successfully bargained.
This group of Indians lived in a completely different place, and sailed to the island
The Dutch, having met them, considered them the masters of these places. The Europeans, measuring everything in their own way, decided that they were faced with the owners of the island.
A group of Indians, realizing that they were being offered some values in exchange for something that did not belong to them, did not refuse. The Indians knew that they would not stay here anyway, they would fish, hunt and return to their habitats.
So we decided too
So the story looks rather funny. It is not clear who outwitted whom. Whether the Dutch, who felt they were the owners of 58 sq. km for 60 guilders. Or «outsiders» Indians who got the beads they liked for nothing.
Christian missionaries mentioned in their notes that the Indians at that time did not know money and commodity relations. They valued beautiful and original things much higher than material wealth. For example, Johannes, pastor of a church in New Amsterdam