Higher education today has many problems — from the Unified State Exam to reformers.
Over the past three years, the number of children wishing to enroll in higher education after leaving school has dropped significantly.
This is stated in the official statistics of the Ministry of Education provided by
According to the ministry, for the period from 2016 to 2021, the largest number of graduates falls on 2020, and the smallest number in 2021.
If in these years about a third of graduates steadily enrolled in institutions of secondary vocational education (the lowest indicator, 27%, fell on 2017, the highest, 35.1%, in 2020), then an alarming trend emerged in university enrollments three years ago.
In 2016 — 2018, from 62 to 70% of graduates entered universities and institutes, and since 2019, the number of newly-minted students has dropped sharply to 51%.
In the next two years, higher education did not win back its position: in 2020, 48.6% of graduates went to universities, in 2021 — 50.4%.
According to Aleksandra Shvets, a teacher and activist of the regional headquarters of the ONF, the emerging trend of declining popularity of higher education can be explained by several reasons.
Firstly, in recent years, quite a few efforts have been made at the state level to popularize secondary vocational education.
A striking example of this is the WorldSkills championships. This is a truly global trend.
There are not enough workers in Russia, which is apparently why in many cities of our country we observe how migrants from less developed countries work at our facilities.
Also, the «unloved» topic of the exam makes its negative contribution.
Legends about its complexity are getting worse every year, which directly affects the number of eleventh graders who want to take the exam at the end of their school years.
Some of them do not want to waste their nerves, limiting themselves to state final certification.
There are also more non-obvious factors influencing the decline in the popularity of higher education, says Alexandra Shvets.
For example, the gap in the level of training at school and at the university. It is so serious that many freshmen give up after the first winter session.
That is, students simply do not keep up with the university programs and are expelled — and then they go to work anywhere.
Another unobvious and alarming factor is the processes of optimization of the higher education system that have started in the country.
According to a high school teacher, they are «not always rational.»
Together with the problems of employment of graduates, this further lowers the prestige of higher education in the eyes of potential applicants and their parents.
This happens in many universities in Russia. Within the framework of optimization, by uniting departments, teachers of different ages are being laid off, which simply destroys scientific schools.
And this, in turn, leads to the formalization of the higher education process, — explained Alexandra Shvets. — This is a nationwide trend to reduce higher education.
Probably, it is not needed in such an amount — but then it becomes incomprehensible,
Share this news with your friends to discuss the topic together in the comments.